Archeology and History of the Silk Road

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Friday, 1 March 2013

World's smallest temple discovered in Damagou

CCTV 18-2-2013

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Wooden tablets aren’t the only priceless treasures to dot this desert oasis. Temple One of the Toop Baruch Mound may be the smallest temple in the world. It was discovered in Damagou Township. As a stop on the famed Silk Road, the little temple has been an astonishing discovery to the world.
Measuring 2 meters long, and 2 meters wide. It’s just enough space for one monk to perform his prayers.
Toop Baruch Mound means ’big mound’ in the Uygur language. Before it was excavated in 2000, it was indeed a big mound with rose willows growing on it.
Temple One of the Toop Baruch Mound may be the smallest
temple in the world. It was discovered in Damagou Township.
As a stop on the famed Silk Road, the little temple
has been an astonishing discovery to the world.
Yet today, it’s considered one of the best preserved Buddhist temple relics in Taklamakan.
Shi Yan, director of Qira County Cultural Relics Institute, said, "Temple One was a family temple, privately belonging to a noble family among the people. From it, we can see how popular the Buddhist culture was at that time. "
The finding of Temple One happened almost by accident.
Wu Xinhua, archaeological team leader of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said, "Several kids came to gather firewood, and they discovered the mound had murals and rooms. There must be treasures underneath", one of them said. Then they kept digging. Finally they found a broken Buddha."
Some of the walls in Temple One are less than 2 meters high.
On walls like this, the archaeological team has stripped away all dust and mud to reveal a complete mural of the North King God.
This god was in charge of fortune and was worshipped by every family in the ancient Hotan area.
The archaeological team has also been searching for signs of Temple One’s former residents, like the remains of the noble family.
But so far nothing has been found.
Shi said, "Since there are temple relics, there must have been people living here. The remains of those residents should have been spotted. But so far we have found nothing."
Although no houses have been found, more temples were revealed.
50 meters away, Temple Two and Temple Three were discovered, linked together by a corridor.
Unlike Temple One, they comprise a grand worshipping place for the public.
Radiocarbon dating technique shows the three temples all date back to the Tang Dynasty, about 15-hundred years ago.
Yet whether the smallest temple and the two grand ones are linked, and also by a corridor, remains a mystery for now.


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3D portrait of Damagou Buddha

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As we said earlier, Damagou has the largest quantity of ancient Buddhist relics in the Taklamakan desert.
This Buddhist temple is among the best preserved. The four-square meter building is the smallest temple in the world. It was discovered thirteen years ago by a boy shepherd. An incomplete figure of Buddha was found with its head and hands missing.
Now, experts have created a 3D portrait of the figure with the help of modern technology. Archeologists believe the figure is more than 1,500 years old. Craftsmen first made a wooden framework, applied clay, and then colored it.
Experts say the figure provides first-hand information in the research on Buddhist culture.

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