Thursday, 15 January 2015

Silk Road Journal 2014 is out

By far the best and most beautiful magazine there is about the art, history and archaeology of Central Asia published, for free by the Silk Road Foundation with Daniel Waugh as editor.

Recently the issue 2014 has been released and its again a masterpiece with excellent articles and some great photo's

Volume 12   2014
This volume of The Silk Road begins with articles on costume, as depicted in a 6th-century tomb in China and in another of about a century later in Mongolia, both illustrating aspects of the cultural cross-fertilization between China and the nomadic cultures of the north. There is an article on tamgas which suggest connections across the Eurasian steppes. An examination of Indian cave paintings reveals Central Asian decorative elements. The famous Afrasiab murals get a fresh look. Early Iranian traditions help explain depictions of pain and mourning. Onomastics and considerations of genealogy offer new insights into early medieval nomad-sedentary relations in Western Eurasia. Three articles contain news of recent and ongoing excavations: at Rezvan Tepe in Iran, Banbhore in Pakistan, and Emgentiin Kherem in Mongolia. Two articles deal with carpet imagery, one offering an important new approach to understanding depictions in Renaissance paintings, the other illustrating ways of studying the connection between Safavid carpet motifs and miniatures. Huang Wenbi, a previously little appreciated archaeologist who worked on Silk Road sites in the early 20th-century is featured in the next article. The featured museums this time are the David Collection in Copenhagen and the Chinese collection of the Seattle Art Museum. As always, there are many reviews and book notices, the lead review on an exciting re-examination of Eurasian exchange by Toby Wilkinson. 

For the full pdf text of The Silk Road, Vol. 12 (2014), click here.
Individual articles may be downloaded from the links below in the Table of Contents.
Note that all pdf files are low resolution for optimal speed in downloading, but the complete volume file is large and may take a few minutes.

Silk Road Dress in a Chinese Tomb: Xu Xianxiu and Sixth-Century Cosmopolitanism1 + Plate I
by Kate A. LingleyDownload
The well-preserved murals in the tomb of a Chinese official excavated at Taiyuan illustrate interesting cosmopolitan features of costume in the Northern Qi period of the late 6th century.
Images of the Early Turks in Chinese Murals and Figurines from the Recently-Discovered Tomb in Mongolia13
by Sergey A. YatsenkoDownload
The discovery of a Chinese-style tomb decorated with murals at Shoroon Bumbagar in Mongolia was an important event, since the murals and the funerary figurines it contained reveal a great deal about the costume of the early Turks who were commemorated there.
Connections between Central Asia and the Northern Littoral of the Black Sea: the Evidence from Objects with Tamgas25 + Plate II
by Sergey V. VoroniatovDownload
Symbols found on various objects in early burials across Eurasia often may be interpreted as tamgas of individuals or their clans. This article broadens the consideration of such evidence in arguing for connections between the early nomads in both East and West.
Some Examples of Central Asian Decorative Elements in Ajanta and Bagh Indian Paintings39 + Plates III, IV
by Matteo ComparetiDownload
The richly painted caves at Ajanta and Bagh in India depict various ethnic groups and artefacts of their culture. The article here explores some of the decorative motifs and suggests they may have originated in Bactria-Tokharistan. 
The Afrasiab Murals: a Pictorial Narrative Reconsidered49
by Guitty AzarpayDownload
One of the leading experts on Sogdian painting reviews and reconsiders the imagery painted in the famous "Hall of the Ambassadors" at Afrasiab (ancient Samarkand).
The Performance of Pain and Remembrance in Late Ancient Iran57
by Touraj Daryaee and Soodabeh MalekzadehDownload
Given the strictures regarding self-mutilation and other extreme expressions of grief in mourning rituals among several of the world religions, it may seem surprising that amongst the Shiia and also in some early Buddhist contexts we find rituals or imagery with such manifestations of grieving. It is possible that the explanation lies in early, pre-Islamic traditions in Iran.
Russo-Polovtsian Dynastic Contacts as Reflected in Genealogy and Onomastics65
by Anna Litvina and Fjodor UspenskijDownload
A close examination of naming practices, which can be explained by dynastic matrimonial ties, sheds new light on the relations between the nomadic Polovtsy and the princes of the Rus. 
Excavation of Rezvan Tepe in Northeastern Iran, an Iron Age I-II Cemetery76
by Mahnaz Sharifi and Abbas MotarjemDownload
Relatively little excavation has been done to date at Iron Age sites in northeastern Iran. This small salvage excavation reveals interesting details about an Iron Age cemetery.
The Site of Banbhore (Sindh-Pakistan): a Joint Pakistani-French-Italian Project. Current Research in Archaeology and History (2010-2014)82
by Niccolò Manassero and Valeria Piacentini FioraniDownload
This site in the Indus River delta on the Indian Ocean coast was undoubtedly an important port from early times, possibly the famous Barbarikon. Preliminary excavations of decades ago have now been resumed in this major international effort which is already revealing interesting data for establishing the chronology and identity of the site.
Emgentiin Kherem, a Fortress Settlement of the Khitans in Mongolia89
by Nikolai N. Kradin, Aleksandr L. Ivliev, Ayudai Ochir, Sergei Vasiutin, Svetlana Satantseva, Evgenii V. Kovychev and Lkhagvasüren ErdeneboldDownload
Joint Russo-Mongolian excavations of Khitan period sites in Mongolia continue, the one reported here being for a small fortified site that may well have been home to a mobile garrison.
The Carpet Index: Rethinking the Oriental Carpet in Early Renaissance Paintings98
by Lauren ArnoldDownload
Traditional interpretations of the depiction of Oriental carpets in Renaissance religious paintings argue that the objects are luxury items produced by Islamic craftsmen. A systematic examination of such paintings and other evidence suggests, on the contrary, that the rugs were important relics preserved and possibly produced in Christian contexts which were brought to Italy by emigres from the East.
Safavid Carpets of the Tahmasp School and the Tahmasp Shahnama106 + Plates VII, VIII
by Gholamreza Yazdani, Mina Ranjbar, Masume Azarmdel and Maryam Rezai Bamnafshe DeraqDownload
This richly illustrated article shows how a careful examination of motifs in carpets depicted in one of the most famous illustrated manuscripts of the Shahnama can be correlated with the designs in the actual carpets produced at that time.
Huang Wenbi: Pioneer of Chinese Archaeology in Xinjiang122
by Justin M. JacobsDownload
Relegated to obscurity for many years, the pioneering Chinese archaeologist Huang Wenbi, who locked horns occassionally with Sven Hedin on his last expedition, is now being re-discovered for the important contributions he made to the early archaeological exploration along the Silk Road. The article argues he might be seen as the Chinese Aurel Stein.
Featured Museum I:The David Collection132 + Plate IX
by Daniel C. WaughDownload
One of the most important collections of Islamic Art in the world. Located in Copenhagen, it is the leading one in Scandinavia. The article explores the collection via the new volume of the museum's journal and the excellent website.
Featured Museum, II:The Arts of China in Seattle137 + Plates X-XIII
by Daniel C. WaughDownload
The outstanding collection whose core is that assembled by Richard Eugene Fuller, the museum's founding director. Under Mimi Gardner Gates, the director from 1994-2009, the collection has continued to expand, and the museum has positionied itself for the 21st century. The innovative online catalog of Chinese and calligraphy she and former curator Josh Yiu developed sets a standard for Internet-based access to art collections.
Featured Review
Re-Imagining and Re-Imaging Eurasian Exchange,153 + Plates XIV-XVI
by Daniel C. WaughDownload
A review of Toby C. WIlkinson, Tying the Threads of Eurasia: Trans-regional routes and material flows in Transcaucasia, eastern Anatolia and western central Asia, c. 3000-1500 BC (2014) and the accompanying website.
Reviews (by Daniel C. Waugh)Download all these reviews.164
Review of Reconfiguring the Silk Road. New Research on East-West Exchange in Antiquity, Ed. by Victor Mair and Jane Hickman164
Review of James A. Millward, The Silk Road: A Very Short Introduction (2013)167
Review of Court and Craft: A Masterpiece from Northern Iraq, Ed. by Rachel Ward,169
Review of Kochevniki Evrazii na puti k imperii. Iz sobraniia Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha. Katalog vystavki (2012)171
Review of Sogdiitsy, ikh predshestvenniki, sovremenniki i nasledniki. Na osnove materialov konferentsii “Sogdiitsy doma i na chuzhbine”, posviashchennoi pamiati Borisa Il’icha Marshaka (1933–2006) / Sogdians, Their Precursors, Contemporaries and Heirs. Based on proceedings of conference “Sogdians at Home and Abroad” held in memory of Boris Il’ich Marshak (1933–2006)172
Review of  Scripta Antiqua. Voprosy drevnei istorii, filologii, iskusstva i material’noi kul’tury. Almanakh / Scripta Antiqua. Ancient History, Philology, Arts and Material Culture. The Almanac, Vols. I–III. (2011-2014)175
Review of O. V. D'iakova, Gosudarstvo Bokhai: arkheologiia, istoriia, politika / Pohai State: Archeology, History, Politics (2014)178
Review of CDs and DVD of Kazakh music and epic180
Book notices (written/compiled by Daniel C. Waugh)Download all these book notices.182
  • Two Arabic Travel Books, ed.Mackintosh-Smith and Montgomery.
  • Uighurskie delovye dokumenty X–XIV vv. iz Vostochnogo Turkestana, ed. and tr. Tugusheva.
  • “Novye zakony” Tangutskogo gosudarstva, ed. and tr. Kychanov. 
  • Dokumenty i materialy po istorii bashkirskogo naroda.
  • Leskov et al.,Meoty Zakuban’ia IV–III vv. do n. e. Nekropoli u aula Uliap. Sviatilishcha i ritual’nye kompleksy.
  • Materialy Tokharistanskoi ekspeditsii, Vyp. 9. Poselenie Dabil’kurgan v Severnoi Baktrii.
  • Baipakov, Drevniaia i srednevekovaia urbanizatsiia Kazakhstana, Vols. 1-2.
  • Akishev, Drevnie i srednevekovye gosudarstva na territorii Kazakhstana
  • Kost, The Practice of Imagery in the Northern Chinese Steppe (5th – 1st Centuries BCE).Bonn Contributions to Asian Archaeology, Vol. 6.
  • Grushevoi, Ocherki ekonomicheskoi istorii Sirii in Palestiny v drevnosti (I v. do n.e.—VI v. n.e.) / Essays on Economic History of Ancient Syria and Palestine (1st c. BC — 6th c. AD).
  • Articulating Indic Ideas in Sixth and Seventh Century Chinese Buddhism, ed. Lin and Radich. Hamburg Buddhist Studies, Vol. 3.
  • Brook, Mr. Selden’s Map of China. Decoding the Secrets of a Vanished Cartographer.
  • Cities of the Dead. The Ancestral Cemeteries of Kyrgyzstan. Photographs by Morton. Text by Rabbat, Köchümkulova, and Kapalova.
  • Ming: 50 Years that changed China, ed. Clunas and Harrison-Hall.
  • Kessler. Song Blue and White Porcelain on the Silk Road.
  • Publications of the M. A. Usmanov Center for Studies of the History of the Golden Horde: 1) Mirgaleev.Zolotaia Orda: bibliograficheskii ukazatel’; 2) Zolotoordynskaia tsivilizatsiia. Nauchnyi Ezhegodnik.
  • Gorod i step’ v kontaktnoi Evro-Aziatskoi zone[Fëdorov-Davydov Festschrift].
  • Ermitazhnye chteniia pamiati V. G. Lukonina (21.01.1932–10.09.1984).
  • Bulletin of the Asia Institute. N. S., Vol. 23 (2009) [2013].Evo suyadi. Essays in Honor of Richard Salomon’s 65th Birthday.
  • Literature and History of the Western Regions, Vol. 8 (2014).
  • Xiyu yanjiu. The Western Regions Studies. A Quarterly.
    Color Plates I-XVIfollowing p. 192

    For the full pdf text of The Silk Road, Vol. 12 (2014), click here.

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